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Final analysis of intergroup randomized phase III study of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) plus radiation therapy (RT) in locally advanced prostate cancer (CaP) (NCIC-CTG, SWOG, MRC-UK, INT: T94-0110).
J Clin Oncol 30, 2012 (suppl; abstr 4509)
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: Data from the SPCG-7 study and interim analysis of this trial have demonstrated an overall survival (OS) benefit for RT when added to ADT. We present the protocol specified final analysis of PR3/PR07. Methods: Patients with locally advanced (T3/T4, N0/NX, n=1057) or organ-confined prostate cancer (T2,N0/NX, with either PSA > 40 μg/l or PSA > 20 μg/l and Gleason > 8, n=144) were randomized to lifelong ADT (bilateral orchiectomy or LHRH agonist) or ADT + RT (65-69 Gy to prostate + seminal vesicles with or without 45Gy to pelvic nodes). The primary outcome measure was OS; secondary outcomes included disease-specific survival (DSS), time to disease progression and quality of life. Final analysis was planned after 421 deaths. Results: 1,205 patients were randomized from 1995-2005, 602 to ADT alone and 603 to ADT+RT (well balanced with respect to baseline characteristics). The median follow-up is 8.0 years and 465 patients have died (260 ADT, 205 ADT+RT). Adding RT to ADT significantly reduced the risk of death (Hazard Ratio 0.70, 95% CI 0.57-0.85, p=0.001). 199 patients died of disease and/or treatment (134 on ADT alone and 65 on ADT+RT). Competing risk analysis demonstrated that patients on the ADT alone arm had a significantly higher chance of dying of disease related causes than those treated with ADT+RT (10 year cumulative disease specific death rates 15% with ADT+ RT, 26% with ADT alone, p<0.0001). The addition of RT to ADT had a small detrimental effect on late gastrointestinal toxicity and health-related quality-of-life (> grade II proctitis, 0.3% ADT alone, 1.0% ADT+RT; mean change EORTC Rectal symptoms -0.3 ADT vs 1.7 ADT + RT, p=0.54). Conclusions: Mature data indicate a sustained and substantial overall survival and disease specific survival benefit for ADT+RT in the management of patients with locally advanced prostate cancer with minimal increase in late treatment toxicity. The benefits of combined modality treatment should be discussed with all patients. Supported by NCI-US Grant CA077202, CCSRI Grants #14469 and # 015469, UK Medical Research Council Grant G9805643, UK National Cancer Research Network.
Abstracts by Malcolm David Mason:
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in prostate cancer (PC) patients treated with GnRH antagonist compared to agonist: Results of a pooled analysis.
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Survival with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer in the “docetaxel era”: Data from >600 patients in the control arm of the STAMPEDE trial (NCT00268476).
Presentations by Malcolm David Mason:
Final analysis of intergroup randomized phase III study of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) plus radiation therapy (RT) in locally advanced prostate cancer (CaP) (NCIC-CTG, SWOG, MRC-UK, INT: T94-0110).Session: Genitourinary Cancer (Prostate) (Oral Abstract Session)