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Activity of sorafenib in radiation-associated breast angiosarcomas harboring MYC and FLT4 amplifications.
Session Type and Session Title:
Poster Discussion Session, Sarcoma
J Clin Oncol 30, 2012 (suppl; abstr 10019)
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: Angiosarcomas (ASs) are rare, aggressive vascular malignancies of endothelial cell differentiation which arise de novo or secondary to radiation therapy (RAS.) A subset of patients(pts) with AS harbor mutations in KDR (VEGFR-2) or overexpression of MYC and/or FLT4(VEGFR-3). MYC & FLT4 gene amplifications occur almost exclusively in RAS. These alterations provide a rationale for investigating agents that target angiogenesis in RAS. In a phase II trial of sorafenib, AS pts had a partial response (PR) of 14%; targeting the appropriate pt population may be essential. We hypothesize that co-amplification of MYC & FLT4 may be predictive of response to sorafenib. Methods: Using our institutional sarcoma database & data query system, we identified AS patients treated with sorafenib at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center between 1992-2011. Molecular analysis performed on available tissue. With IRB approval, clinical information was collected. Results: We identified 10 women with RAS that received sorafenib. Average age 68 (range 51-84.) 7 pts had distant metastatic disease. Median lines of systemic therapy prior to sorafenib: 2 (range 1-4.) Sorafenib was first line in 60% of pts, administered at 400mg daily and adjusted for toxicity. Best responses included: complete response (CR) 2/9(22%), PR 1/9(11%), stable disease (SD) 5/9(56%) range 5-23m, progressive disease 1/9(11%) for a clinical benefit rate of (CR+PR+SD) 89%. Responses were seen in patients with lung metastases (n=2) and locally advanced disease (n=1) and were durable for 17, 42 and 26 months. Median duration on therapy was 15 months (range 0-42 months.) 7 pts underwent molecular analysis: co-amplification of MYC & FLT4 3 pts (30%); MYC amplification 4 pts (40%); KDR mutation 0 patients. Of the 3 responders, MYC & FLT4 co-amplification were observed in 2 patients and not evaluated in one. Conclusions: Sorafenib is active against RAS of the breast. In this small series, complete and partial responses were seen in patients with co-amplification of MYC & FLT4. This observation requires further study. Performing molecular studies on all AS pts will help define the pathophysiology of this deadly disease to guide rationale clinical trials.
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