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Cetuximab-related skin toxicity in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients and its correlation with molecular markers: Results from the German AIO CRC 0104 trial.
J Clin Oncol 30, 2012 (suppl 4; abstr 491)
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: Skin toxicity is a frequent adverse event of EGFR targeting agents. The role of cetuximab induced skin toxicity (Cet-ST), for the most acneiform skin rash, as a prognostic or a predictive factor of treatment efficacy is currently under discussion. Methods: The prognostic and predictive value of Cet-ST in relation to treatment response and survival of patients of a randomized trial investigating CAPIRI plus cetuximab versus CAPOX plus cetuximab as first-line treatment of mCRC was analyzed. Cet-ST was grouped into clinically relevant (grade 2-3) and non relevant (grade 0-1) toxicity (NCI-CTCAE 3.0). KRAS mutations in codons 12 and 13, EGFR-FISH, EGFR-IHC and EGFR intron-1 polymorphism were evaluated in tumor specimens. Results: A total of 149 patients got cetuximab until the first tumor assessment (6 weeks) and were used for this analysis. Overall response rate was higher in patients with grade 2-3 Cet-ST when compared to grade 0-1 (62.1% vs. 41.3%). Patients without Cet-ST (grade 0) had a short PFS (1.9 months) and OS (11.0 months). PFS (7.8 months vs. 5.2 months) and OS (30.3 months vs. 18.0 months) were longer in patients with Cet-ST grade 2-3 than in patients with grade 0-1 Cet-ST. Almost 90% of Cet-ST occurred during the first two cycles of treatment. When only KRAS codon-12 mutated tumors which are thought not to be sensitive to cetuximab were investigated, Kaplan-Meier differences in PFS and OS times between patients with grade 0-1 Cet-ST and grade 2-3 Cet-ST became statistically significant. In a multivariate analysis, male gender, age and EGFR intron-1 polymorphism were significantly correlated with Cet-ST. Conclusions: Cetuximab related skin toxicity is a strong predictor of outcome. It is proposed that Cet-ST is rather a prognostic than a predictive factor since this effect is most evident in patients with KRAS codon-12 mutated tumors. EGFR intron-1 polymorphism appears to be a predictor of Cet-ST.
Abstracts by Sebastian Stintzing:
Cetuximab-induced skin rash: A molecular map relating polymorphisms, cell-adhesion, and autoimmunity.
Influence of adjuvant pretreatment on outcome of FIRE-3 (AIO KRK-0306): A randomized phase III study of FOLFIRI plus cetuximab or bevacizumab as first-line treatment for wild-type (WT) KRAS (exon 2) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients.
Macrophage polarization related gene variants to predict clinical outcome in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients (pts) treated with bevacizumab (bev) in combination with FOLFIRI.