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Phase III randomized trial of cetuximab (CET) plus either brivanib alaninate (BRIV) or placebo in patients (pts) with metastatic (MET) chemotherapy refractory K-RAS wild-type (WT) colorectal carcinoma (CRC): The NCIC Clinical Trials Group and AGITG CO.20 trial.
Oral Abstract Session: Cancers of the Colon and Rectum
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: The anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody CET has improved survival in pts with MET, chemotherapy refractory, K-RAS wild type (WT) CRC. The addition of BRIV, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting vascular endothelial and fibroblast growth factor receptors (VEGFR/FGFR), to CET has shown encouraging activity in an early phase clinical trial. Methods: Pts with MET CRC previously treated with combination chemotherapy were randomized 1:1 to receive CET 400 mg/m2 IV loading dose followed by weekly maintenance of 250 mg/m2 plus either BRIV 800 mg PO daily (Arm A) or placebo (Arm B). Pts may have had 1 prior anti-VEGF, but no prior anti-EGFR therapy. The trial was amended shortly after opening to enrol K-RAS WT pts. Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Results: From 02/2008 to 02/2011, 750 pts were randomized (376 in Arm A and 374 in Arm B). Demographics: median age=64 (range 27-88); male=64%; ECOG 0:1:2 (%)=32:58:10; >3 prior chemotherapy regimens=92%; prior anti-VEGF therapy=41%; K-RAS WT=97%. Median OS in the intent-to-treat population was 8.8 months in Arm A and 8.1 months in Arm B, hazard ratio (HR)=0.88; 95% CI=0.74 to 1.03; p=0.12. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 5.0 months in Arm A and 3.4 months in Arm B, HR=0.72; 95% CI=0.62 to 0.84; p<0.0001. Both partial responses (13.6% vs 7.2%, p=0.004) and stable disease (50% vs 44%) were higher in Arm A. Incidence of any ≥grade 3 adverse event (AE) was 78% in Arm A and 53% in Arm B. Most frequent ≥grade 3 AEs were fatigue (25%), hypertension (11%) and rash (10%) in Arm A, vs fatigue (11%), rash (5%) and dyspnea (5%) in Arm B. Time to deterioration of physical function was shorter and global quality of life scores were lower in Arm A vs Arm B. Pts received ≥90% dose intensity of CET=57% in Arm A vs 83% in Arm B; of BRIV/placebo=48% in Arm A vs 87% in Arm B. Conclusions: Despite positive effects on PFS and objective response, the combination of CET+BRIV did not significantly improve OS in pts with MET, chemotherapy refractory, K-RAS WT CRC. AEs were consistent with those reported for each drug given as monotherapy.
Abstracts by Lillian L. Siu:
Association of isocitrate dehydorgenase-1 (IDH-1) mutations with elevated oncometabolite 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG) in advanced colorectal cancer.Meeting: 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 627
Hypertension as a predictor of outcome and treatment response to cetuximab: A retrospective analysis of NCIC CTG CO.17.Meeting: 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 256
Meeting: 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting
| Abstract No: e23210
Category: Tumor Biology - Other
Educational Book Articles by Lillian L. Siu:
Presentations by Lillian L. Siu:
Meeting: 2015 ASCO Annual Meeting
Session: Molecular Oncology Tumor Board (Education Session)
Meeting: 2012 ASCO Annual Meeting
Session: Career Choices in Oncology: Options in Academia, Private Practice, Industry, and Government (Extended Education Session)
Final analysis of the phase III randomized trial of cetuximab (CET) plus either brivanib alaninate (BRIV) or placebo in patients (pts) with chemotherapy refractory, K-RAS wild-type (WT), metastatic colorectal carcinoma (mCRC): The NCIC Clinical Trials Group and AGITG CO.20 trial.Meeting: 2012 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 3504Session: Gastrointestinal (Colorectal) Cancer (Oral Abstract Session)