You are here
A phase 2 study of intralesional PV-10 followed by radiotherapy for localized in transit or recurrent metastatic melanoma.
Background: Intralesional rose bengal (IL PV-10) can elicit ablation of injected tumors and a T-cell mediated abscopal effect in untreated lesions. Phase 2 testing in patients with Stage III-IV melanoma yielded a 51% objective response rate (ORR) with 50% complete response (CR) when all disease was injected. Three patients who progressed received external beam radiotherapy (XRT) to their recurrent lesions with an impressive response without an increased radiation reaction. Methods: An open-label, single-arm phase 2 study was performed to assess efficacy and safety of IL PV-10 followed by XRT. Eligibility included recurrent localized dermal, subcutaneous, in-transit or metastatic malignant melanoma (stage IIIb / IIIc) suitable for intralesional therapy and XRT. Patients received a single course of PV-10 into lesions treatable within a localized radiotherapy field. If CR was not achieved patients received 30 Gy (6 fractions of 5 Gy twice weekly over 3 weeks) 3D conformal radiotherapy (photons or electrons) commencing 6-10 weeks after PV-10. Outcome assessments included ORR and clinical benefit (CR+PR+SD) of in-field target lesions by RECIST criteria, toxicity using CTCAE V3.0, and progression free survival (PFS). Results: There were 15 patients enrolled with 13 completing the radiotherapy component. Two patients had rapidly progressive distant disease following PV-10 injection. The mean age of patients was 69 years. With a median follow up duration of 19.3 months the overall response rate was 87% (CR 33%, PR 53%) with 93% clinical benefit on an intent-to-treat basis. The mean time to best response was 3.8 months, mean duration of complete response (PFS) 12.2 months, overall loco regional progression rate 80% and melanoma specific survival 65.5 months. Size of metastases ( < 10mm) predicted potential for lesion complete response. Treatments were well tolerated with no treatment associated grade 4 or 5 adverse events. Conclusions: The combination of IL PV-10 and radiotherapy resulted in lesion specific, normal tissue sparing, ablation of melanoma tumors with minimal local or systemic adverse effects. The study results justify expanded evaluation in a randomized trial.
Abstracts by Matthew C Foote:
VERTU: Veliparib, radiotherapy (RT) and temozolomide (TMZ) trial in unmethylated MGMT glioblastoma (GBM).Meeting: 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: TPS2081