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PD-1/PD-L1 expression and molecular associations in HPB malignancies.
Background: Cholangiocarcinoma (CC), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are all devastating malignancies. Limited data exists about PD-1 and PDL1 expression in these cancers. We assessed expression of PD1/PDL1 in a large cohort of patients with hepato-pancreatico-biliary (HPB) cancers and explored the existence of accompanying genomic mutations associated with expression of PD-1/PD-L1. Methods: 524 patients with HPB cancers (354 PDAC, 58 HCC, 54 intrahepatic (ICC), 18 extrahepatic (ECC), and 40 gallbladder (GBC)) were included in the study and tumors tested centrally at a CLIA lab (Caris Life Sciences, Phoenix, AZ). Tests included one or more of the following: gene sequencing (next generation sequencing, Illumina TruSeq), protein expression (immunohistochemistry [IHC]) and gene amplification). PD-1 (SP142 antibody) and PD-L1 (MRQ-22 antibody) status was tested in all samples. Two-tailed Fisher's exact test was performed to test where proportions of positive results were different by subgroup (p²0.05). Results: Among those with PDAC, HCC, ICC, ECC, and GBC, rates of PD1 expression on tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and PD-L1 expression on tumor cells is detailed in the Table. In PD-1+, compared with PD-1- HPB cancers, mutations in the following were more prevalent, though not statistically significant: BRCA2, ATM, CTNNB1, and PIK3CA. Among all theranostic biomarkers tested, TOP2A expression (IHC) was significantly increased in PD-L1+ versus PD-L1- tumors (82% vs 60%; p=0.0083). Conclusions: HPB tumors express PD-L1 at a frequency of 4-18%, and PD-1 at a frequency of 29-45%. A statistically significant association of mutations with PD-1+ or PD-L1+ tumors was not identified in this group of tumors. PD-L1 expression associates with TOP2a expression, a marker of proliferation and also anthracycline sensitivity. Further evaluation of this correlation and PDL1/PD-1 + anthracycline combination therapy may be warranted.
Abstracts by Kabir Mody:
A phase IB study of CX-4945 in combination with gemcitabine plus cisplatin in the frontline systemic treatment of patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma.Meeting: 2017 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 294
Randomized, open-label trial of gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel (G/NP) ± pamrevlumab (P) as neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced, unresectable pancreatic cancer (LAPC).Meeting: 2017 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 365