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Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) to reveal mutations in IDH1 and its effect on patient (pt) outcomes in advanced biliary tract cancer (aBTC) who received gemcitabine and cisplatin (GC).
Background: aBTC is uncommon and has a dismal prognosis with limited therapeutic options. First-line therapy for untreated aBTC is GC, with no approved therapies in the refractory setting. To assess for tumor-specific genetic variants that affect outcomes in patients (pts) who received GC in aBTC, we performed NGS in pts treated with who received GC as first-line therapy. Methods: Archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples from pts with mBTC from Ohio State University and MD Anderson Cancer Center who received GC in the first-line and underwent NGS as part of routine care. 315 cancer-related genes plus select introns from 28 genes altered in solid tumors were included in the NGS panel. Univariate Cox regression model was used to determine the association between gene mutations with progression free survival (PFS) and (OS). Results: 80 evaluable pts with aBTC treated with first-line GC chemotherapy underwent successful genomic profiling. A total of 414 cancer-specific mutations were identified, where 49 (12%) genes had mutations with > 5% frequency. 17 of the 49 were known mutations. From the comprehensive analysis, somatic mutations in IDH1 (11 of 80 pts; 13%) (HR 0.31; p = 0.035) was associated with improved overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS). Pts wild type for IDH1 had a median OS of 17.7 months and PFS of 4.5 months, while those with an IDH1 mutation had a median OS that was not reached and an improved PFS of 5.7 months. Conclusions: Somatic mutations in IDH1 were associated with improved clinical outcomes in pts with aBTC who received GC as first-line therapy which is consistent with other solid tumor malignancies. IDH1 is a therapeutic target of interest, where future prospective studies will be necessary to validate the predictive utility and its relevance in pt outcomes in aBTC.
Abstracts by Daniel H. Ahn:
Biweekly cisplatin (C) and gemcitabine (G) in patients (pts) with advanced biliary tract cancer (ABTC): A retrospective analysis.Meeting: 2017 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 434
Comprehensive analysis of radiographic, clinical, and inflammatory markers demonstrating changes in lean muscle correlate with outcome in patients (pts) with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma (mPDAC) who undergo taxane-based chemotherapy (CT).Meeting: 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 349
Irinotecan and infusional 5-fluorouracil (mFOLFIRI) in patients with refractory advanced pancreas cancer (APC): A single institution experience.Meeting: 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 215