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A phase II therapeutic, open label, multi-center clinical trial of NPC-1C, a chimeric monoclonal antibody(mAb), in adults with chemotherapy refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), initial results.
Background: NEO-102 is a novel chimeric mAb targeting a variant of MUC5AC with specificity to colorectal cancer. Its mechanism of action is through antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). An earlier, phase I study, established the maximum tolerated dose at 3.0 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks with encouraging early signs of clinical activity. We report initial results of the subsequent phase II study. Methods: This is a single arm, open label multi-center clinical trial of NEO-102 in adults with mCRC pts who failed at least two lines of standard chemotherapy (C). An immunohistochemistry (IHC) based companion diagnostic assay was used to select eligible pts whose tumors express the target in > 20% of tumor cells. NEO-102 at 3.0 mg/kg IV was administered q 2 weeks until disease progression. The primary endpoint was OS. A minimum of 43 pts were needed assuming that treatment with NEO-102 will improve OS by 40% (7.0 months) using a one-sided significance level of 10% and 80% power for this study compared to historical control of 5 months. Additional objectives were to evaluate response rate as measured by RECIST criteria and analyze patient PBMCs for ADCC and immune cytokine profiling. Results: A total of 47 pts enrolled were evaluable. 26 pts were male and 35 pts were white. Twenty-four out of 47 pts (51%) remain alive as of September 2015 with an ongoing median OS of 7.0 months (Range 2-22 months). Of these heavily pre-treated pts, 42 were evaluable for response, 13 (31%) demonstrated stable disease by RECIST. Seven pts had more than 4 doses of treatment, maximum 13 doses. Grade 3 adverse events were anemia 1/47 (2%), hyperbilirubinemia 1/47 (2%), diarrhea 1/47 (2%), fatigue 1/47 (2%), headache 1/47 (2%), nausea 1/47 (2%) and vomiting 1/47 (2%). No grade 4 toxicities were reported. Conclusions: In the monotherapy phase 2 study of NEO 102 in patients with refractory mCRC preliminary results demonstrate excellent tolerability and encouraging OS. Updated OS and Progression Free Survival data will be presented at the ASCO 2016 GI Cancers symposium. Additional combination trials with NEO-102 and C are underway. Clinical trial information: NCT01040000
Abstracts by Richard D. Kim:
Can total psoas area predict toxicity after stereotactic body radiation therapy in borderline resectable and locally advanced pancreatic cancers?Meeting: 2017 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 455
Impact of duodenal invasion on outcomes in patients with pancreatic cancer treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy.Meeting: 2017 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 408
Phase II study of first-line radioembolization with yttrium-90 glass microspheres for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.Meeting: 2017 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 482