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PANOVA: A pilot study of TTFields concomitant with gemcitabine for front-line therapy in patients with advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
Background: TTFields are alternating electric fields delivered to the region of the tumor by means of non-invasive transducer arrays. TTFields interfere with mitotic spindle formation, thus having an anti-mitotic activity. In pancreatic cancer, TTFields decreased proliferation and clonogenic potential in vitro, and reduced tumor volume in vivo. The PANOVA trial was designed to test TTFields, combined with chemotherapy, in pancreatic cancer. Methods: Twenty patients with advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma were enrolled in a prospective, single arm study of TTFields at 150 kHz, concomitant with standard weekly gemcitabine. All patients had histologically-confirmed unresectable tumors, with an ECOG performance score of 0-1 and no prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy. The primary endpoint was incidence and severity of treatment emergent adverse events (AEs). Secondary endpoints included progression free survival (PFS), PFS rate at 6 months, overall survival (OS) and response rate. Results: The median age was 73 (range – 49-81) and 60% of the patients were females. Most patients (80%) had an ECOG score of 1. Twelve patients (60%) had distant metastases, while the others had locally advanced disease. Median compliance with TTFields was 78% (14 hours/day), with median duration of 5 months. Fourteen patients (70%) had serious (grade 3-5) AEs during the study period. Six patients (30%) had hematological, 45% gastrointestinal and 15% pulmonary AEs. Ten patients (50%) had treatment-related skin toxicity, of which only 2 were grade 3, both resolved with appropriate treatment. No TTFields-related serious AEs were reported. The median PFS was 8.3 months (95% CI 4.3, 10.3). PFS rate at 6 months was 56%. Of the evaluable tumors, 30% had partial response and another 30% stable disease. The median OS was 14.9 months and 1-year survival rate was 55%. Conclusions: TTFields concomitant to gemcitabine are tolerable and safe for advanced pancreatic cancer patients. The efficacy results are promising and support further research in this indication. An extension of the PANOVA protocol, including 20 additional patients who receive gemcitabine, nab-paclitaxel and TTFields is ongoing. Clinical trial information: NCT01971281
Abstracts by Fernando Rivera:
LAPACT: An open-label, multicenter phase II trial of nab-paclitaxel (nab-P) plus gemcitabine (Gem) in patients (pts) with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC).Meeting: 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: TPS477
PI3K upregulation as a negative predictive factor of survival in HER2 amplified gastric cancer treated with Trastuzumab.Meeting: 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: e15567