Overall survival and resection margin after hepatectomy for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma at academic cancer centers versus community cancer centers.

Cancers of the Pancreas, Small Bowel, and Hepatobiliary Tract
Session Type and Session Title: 
Poster Session B: Cancers of the Pancreas, Small Bowel, and Hepatobiliary Tract
Abstract Number: 


Poster Board Number: 
Poster Session B Board #G19
J Clin Oncol 34, 2016 (suppl 4S; abstr 339)
Nicholas Gerard Berger, Abdulrahman Y Hammad, John Thomas Miura, Fabian McCartney Johnston, Kathleen K. Christians, Susan Tsai, Kiran Turaga, T. Clark Gamblin; Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI

Abstract Disclosures


Background: Margin status is an important prognostic factor of survival following hepatectomy for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). R0 resection for ICC correlates with improved recurrence-free survival and overall survival (OS). The present study hypothesized that surgical resection margins and survival rates vary between centers. Methods: Patients with ICC undergoing hepatectomy were identified from the National Cancer Database (1998-2011). Treating centers were categorized as Academic Cancer Centers (ACC), and Community Cancer Centers (CCC). Rates of R0 vs. R1/2 resection were examined. OS was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox multivariate modeling identified independent predictors of survival. Results: A total of 2,774 patients were identified. Hepatectomy was most often performed at ACC compared to CCC: 1,928 (69.5%) vs. 846 (30.5%). Hepatectomy at ACC was associated with higher rates of R0 resections compared to CCC (72.5% vs. 68.1%, p= 0.018). Higher 30-day readmission rates were seen following hepatectomy at ACC (9.9% vs. 5.7%, p= 0.002). Improved median OS was seen in ACC across all stages (25.8 months vs. 20.1 months; p< 0.001). After adjusting for age, sex, ethnicity, cirrhosis, alpha-feto protein level, comorbidity, disease stage, and margin status, hepatectomy at ACC was independently associated with improved OS (Hazards ratio: 0.79 [95%CI 0.62-0.99, p= 0.046]). Conclusions: ACC have higher rates of negative resection margins for ICC, but higher readmission rates following surgery. Survival is higher at ACC compared to CCC, suggesting that site of care plays a role in patient outcomes.