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Actionable targets in patients with cisplatin-resistant advanced germ cell tumors.
Poster Session B: Prostate Cancer; Urothelial Carcinoma; Penile, Urethral, and Testicular Cancers
Background: Approximately 30% of patients with advanced germ cell tumor (aGCT) will progress after first-line chemotherapy. Nearly half of these patients will die of progressive GCT. We describe potentially actionable mutations in a cohort of patients with platinum-resistant aGCT through targeted sequencing. Methods: 76 patients with cisplatin-resistant (CR) disease were sequenced using the Memorial Sloan Kettering Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets (MSK-IMPACT) assay that examines 341 cancer-related genes. Patients were categorized as CR if they met any of the following criteria: 1) incomplete response to first-line cisplatin-based chemotherapy; 2) nonteratomatous tumor progression after standard chemotherapy; 3) nonteratomatous GCT identified at postchemo surgery. We grouped all somatic mutations into core signal transduction pathways or canonical cell functions to identify potential precise targets for therapy. Results: The majority of patients had nonseminoma histology (n = 64, 84%). International Germ Cell Cancer Collaborative Group risk was good, intermediate, and poor in 34%, 13%, and 53% of patients. 17 patients died of disease. In total, 51 potentially actionable alterations were identified in 36/76 (47%) patients. In the TP53 pathway, 7 MDM2 amplifications and 4 MYCN amplifications that may sensitize to nutlin-3 inhibitors were identified. Within the receptor tyrosine kinase pathway, 3 KIT mutations, 1 KDR amplification, and 1 MET amplification were seen that may sensitize to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Eleven KRAS mutations, 3 NRAS mutations, 3 BRAF mutations, and 2 RAC1 mutations were see among the RAS pathway with preclinical data suggesting efficacy towards respective inhibitors. Actionable targets were also among the PI3-K, WNT, and cell cycle pathways. Potential targets with chromatin modifying or tumor suppressor functions were also seen. Conclusions: We describe actionable alterations that may guide treatment selection in a significant proportion of patients with CR aGCT. Targeted sequencing of these patients may allow us to enrich future clinical trials with patients whose tumors harbor alterations in the drug target of interest.
Abstracts by Aditya Bagrodia:
Clonality of bladder tumors following radical nephroureterectomy: Against the field defect hypothesis.Meeting: 2015 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 301
Comparison of genetic alterations from the bladder cancer genome atlas (TCGA) and a prospective set of high-grade urothelial carcinoma tumors using a CLIA laboratory next generation sequencing assay.Meeting: 2015 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 298