You are here
Functional subtyping with BluePrint 80-gene profile to identify distinct triple-positive subtypes with and without trastuzumab/chemosensitivity.
Poster Session A: Risk Assessment, Prevention, Early Detection, Screening, and Local/Regional Therapy
Background: Classification by molecular subtype can aid in the selection of therapy for patients with breast cancer. However at present, the methodology for molecular subtyping is not standardized. The aim of the prospective NBRST study is to compare chemosensitivity as defined by pathological Complete Response (pCR) using the 80-gene BluePrint (BP) functional subtype profile vs. conventional IHC/FISH subtyping. Methods: The study includes women aged 18–90 with histologically proven breast cancer, written informed consent, no excision biopsy or axillary dissection, and no prior therapy for breast cancer. Neo-adjuvant Chemotherapy (NCT) was at the discretion of the physician adhering to NCCN approved or other peer-reviewed regimens. BP in combination with MammaPrint classifies patients into 4 molecular subgroups: Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2 and Basal. Results: 721 patients had definitive surgery. 58/335 (17%) IHC/FISH HR+/HER2- patients were re-classified by BP as Basal (57) or HER2 (1). 92/222 (41%) IHC/FISH HER2+ patients were re-classified as BP Luminal (67) or BP Basal (25). 7/164 (4%) IHC/FISH triple negative (TN) patients were re-classified as BP Luminal (5) or BP HER2 (2). NCT pCR rates were 3% in Luminal A and 9% in Luminal B patients versus 10% pCR in IHC/FISH luminal patients. The NCT pCR rate was 54% in BP HER2 patients. This is significantly superior (p = 0.02) to the pCR rate in IHC/FISH HER2+ patients (40%). BP Basal and IHC/FISH TN had a pCR rate of 35%. Functional BP subtyping divided the 137 IHC/FISH triple positive patients into two major subgroups: BP Luminal (n = 66, pCR = 11%) and BP HER2 (n = 60, pCR = 45%).11 patients were re-classified as BP Basal with pCR = 45%. Conclusions: Molecular subtyping using BP leads to a reclassification of 23% of tumors. The re-classification is most prominent in classically assessed triple positive patients where 48% of patients are re-assigned to the less responsive BP Luminal-type group vs. 44% of patients assigned to the responsive BP HER2-type group. These findings confirm the more accurate identification of molecular subgroups for treatment decision by BluePrint functional subtype classifier. Clinical trial information: NCT01479101
Abstracts by Pat W. Whitworth:
- Meeting: 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 1019
Ten-year survival results of ACOSOG Z0011: A randomized trial of axillary node dissection in women with clinical T1-2 N0 M0 breast cancer who have a positive sentinel node (Alliance).Meeting: 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 1007
Determining whether functional subtyping with BluePrint 80-gene profile could potentially identify two distinct triple positive subtypes with and without trastuzumab/chemo-sensitivity.Meeting: 2015 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 596Category: Breast Cancer—HER2/ER - HER2+