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Docetaxel and/or zoledronic acid for hormone-naïve prostate cancer: First overall survival results from STAMPEDE (NCT00268476).
Background: STAMPEDE is a randomised controlled trial using a novel multi-arm multi-stage design. It recruits men (pts) with high-risk locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer (PCa) starting long-term hormone therapy (HT) for the first time. The trial initially assessed adding 1 or 2 of 3 treatment approaches to standard of care (SOC). We report primary survival results for 3 research comparisons that recruited through all their intermediate analyses: docetaxel (D), zoledronic acid (ZA) & the combination (D+ZA). Methods: SOC was hormone therapy for > = 3yrs; RT was encouraged for N0M0 pts up to Nov-2011, then mandated; RT was optional for N+M0 pts. Stratified randomisation allocated pts 2:1:1:1 to SOC (control), SOC+D, SOC+ZA or SOC+D+ZA. 4mg ZA was given for six 3-weekly cycles then 4-weekly until 2yrs. D was given as 75mg/m2 for six 3-weekly cycles with prednisolone 10mg daily. The primary outcome measure was survival (time from randomisation to death from any cause). Pairwise comparisons to control on survival for each research arm had 90% power at 2.5% 1-sided alpha for a hazard ratio of 0.75 requiring ~400 control arm deaths, accounting for 3 intermediate lack-of-benefit analyses on failure-free survival. Analyses used the Cox model of the logrank test, adjusted for stratification factors. Results: From Oct-2005 to Mar-2013, 2,962 pts were randomised to the 4 arms. The groups were balanced with median age 65yrs; 61% metastatic, 14% N+/XM0, 22% N0M0; 93% diagnosed within 6m of randomisation; median PSA 65ng/ml. Median follow-up was 42m. Grade 3-5 toxicity was reported for 31% SOC, 50% SOC+D, 32% SOC+ZA and 52% SOC+D+ZA.There were 405 deaths on the control arm (84% from PCa). The hazard ratio was 0.76 (95% CI 0.63, 0.91; p = 0.003) for SOC+D vs SOC; 0.93 (95% CI 0.79, 1.11; p = 0.437) for SOC+ZA vs SOC; and 0.81 (95% CI 0.68, 0.97; p = 0.020) for SOC+D+ZA vs SOC. Median survival was increased by 10m from 67m on SOC to 77m on SOC+D. Results in M0 and M1 disease will be shown. Conclusions: Survival data from STAMPEDE show a clinically and statistically significant improvement in survival from adding docetaxel but not from adding zoledronic acid in men starting long-term hormone therapy for the first time. Clinical trial information: NCT00268476
Abstracts by Nicholas David James:
Results of the phase I trial of cetuximab with mitomycin c and 5-fluorouracil concurrent with radiotherapy treatment in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer.Meeting: 2015 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 368
Cost-effectiveness of zoledronic acid and strontium-89 as bone protecting treatments in addition to chemotherapy in patients with metastatic castrate-refractory prostate cancer. (ISRCTN 12808747) TRAPEZE.Meeting: 2015 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: e16108
Presentations by Nicholas David James:
Results of a phase III randomized trial of synchronous chemoradiotherapy (CRT) compared to radiotherapy (RT) alone in muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) (BC2001 CRUK/01/004).Meeting: 2010 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 4517Session: Genitourinary Cancer (Testes, Kidney, and Bladder) (Oral Abstract Session)