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Primary results, NRG Oncology/NSABP B-35: A clinical trial of anastrozole (A) versus tamoxifen (tam) in postmenopausal patients with DCIS undergoing lumpectomy plus radiotherapy.
Background: The primary endpoint of NSABP B-35, a phase III trial comparing 1 mg/day anastrozole to 20 mg/day tamoxifen, each given for 5 years, was breast cancer-free interval (BCFI), defined as the time from randomization to any breast cancer (BC) event including local, regional, or distant recurrence or contralateral disease, invasive or DCIS. Methods: Postmenopausal women with ER-receptor or PgR-receptor positive (by IHC analysis) DCIS and no invasive BC who had undergone a lumpectomy with clear resection margins were randomly assigned to receive either 20 mg/day tam or 1 mg/day A (blinded) for 5 years. Stratification was by age (<60 v ≥60). Results: From 1/6/2003 to 6/15/2006, 3,104 pts were entered and randomized (1552 in groups tam and A each). As of 2/28/15, follow-up information was available on 3,083 pts for OS and on 3,077 pts for all other disease-free endpoints, with mean time of follow-up of 8.6 years. There were 198 BCFI events, 114 in the tam group and 84 in the A group (HR, 0.73; p=0.03). 10-year point estimates for BCFI were 89.2% for tam and 93.5% for A. A significant time-by-treatment interaction (p=0.02) indicated that the effect was not evident until later in the study. There was a significant interaction between treatment and age group (p=0.04); benefit of A is only in women <60 years old. As to secondary endpoints, there were 495 DFS events, 260 in the tam group and 235 in the A group (HR, 0.89; p=0.21). 10-year point estimates for DFS were 77.9% for tam and 82.7% for A. There were 186 deaths, 88 in the tam group and 98 in the A group (HR, 1.11; p=0.48). 10-year point estimates for OS were 92.1% for tam, 92.5% for A. There were 8 deaths due to breast cancer in the tam group and 5 in the A group. There were 63 cases of invasive breast cancer in the tam group and 39 in the A group (HR, 0.61; p=0.02). There was a non-significant trend for a reduction in breast second primary cancers with A (HR, 0.68; p=0.07). Conclusions: Anastrozole provided a significant improvement compared to tamoxifen for BCFI, which was seen later in the study, primarily in women <60 years. Support: CA12027, 37377, 69651, 69974; 180868, 180822, 189867 196067, 114732; AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP. Clinical trial information: NCT00053898
Abstracts by Richard G. Margolese:
Evaluation of lapatinib as a component of neoadjuvant therapy for HER2+ operable breast cancer: 5-year outcomes of NSABP protocol B-41.Meeting: 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 501Category: Breast Cancer—HER2/ER - HER2+
Final updated results of the NRG Oncology/NSABP Protocol P-2: Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (STAR) in preventing breast cancer.Meeting: 2015 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 1500
Presentations by Richard G. Margolese:
Primary Results of NRG Oncology/NSABP B-35: A Clinical Trial of Anastrozole vs Tamoxifen in Postmenopausal Patients with DCISMeeting: 2015 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: LBA500Session: Breast Cancer-HER2/ER (Oral Abstract Session)