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AR splice variant 7 (AR-V7) and response to taxanes in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC).
General Poster Session A: Prostate Cancer
Background: AR-V7 is a truncated form of AR that lacks the ligand-binding domain but remains constitutively active. We previously showed that detection of AR-V7 from circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in men with mCRPC was associated with primary resistance to enzalutamide and abiraterone. Here, we hypothesized that AR-V7[+] patients would retain sensitivity to taxane chemotherapy. Methods: We used a qRT-PCR assay to interrogate CTCs for AR-V7 mRNA in prospectively enrolled patients with mCRPC starting docetaxel or cabazitaxel. We sought associations between AR-V7 status and PSA response rates (the primary endpoint), PSA progression-free survival (PSA-PFS), and clinical/radiographic progression-free survival (PFS). Multivariable regressions were performed to determine the independent effect of AR-V7 status on clinical outcomes. 36 taxane-treated men were required to produce a 2-sided 95% CI for the difference in PSA response rates (between AR-V7[+] and AR-V7[–] men) with an upper bound of 60%, assuming that 30% of men would be AR-V7[+]. Results: 37 taxane-treated patients were enrolled, and 17 (45.9%) had detectable AR-V7 in CTCs. PSA responses were achieved in both AR-V7[+] and AR-V7[–] men (41% vs 65%, P=0.19). Median PSA-PFS was comparable in AR-V7[+] and AR-V7[–] men (4.5 vs 6.2 mo, HR 1.72, P=0.32). Likewise, median PFS was comparable in AR-V7[+] and AR-V7[–] men (5.1 vs 6.9 mo, HR 2.65, P=0.11). After incorporating data from our prior study in 62 abi/enza-treated patients, it was observed that clinical outcomes in AR-V7[+] men were superior with taxanes than with abi/enza, while outcomes did not differ by treatment type in AR-V7[–] men. For example, in AR-V7[+] men, PSA responses were higher in taxane-treated versus abi/enza-treated men (41% vs 0%, P<0.001), and median PSA-PFS and PFS were longer in taxane-treated men (HR for PSA-PFS = 0.19, P=0.001; HR for PFS = 0.21, P=0.003). Conclusions: Detection of AR-V7 in CTCs from men with mCRPC is not associated with primary resistance to taxane chemotherapy, and such patients may retain sensitivity to taxanes. Further, in AR-V7[+] men, taxanes appear to be more efficacious than abi/enza. AR-V7 may represent a treatment-selection marker in mCRPC.
Abstracts by Emmanuel S. Antonarakis:
- Meeting: 2016 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 236
- Meeting: 2016 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 103
Cost-benefit analysis of AR-V7 testing in patients (Pts) with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) eligible for abiraterone (Abi) or enzalutamide (Enza).Meeting: 2016 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 283