Disparities in utilization of breast-conserving therapy among breast cancer patients.

Survivorship and Health Policy
Session Type and Session Title: 
Oral Abstract Session A: Local/Regional Therapy, Survivorship, and Health Policy
General Poster Session A: Local/Regional Therapy, Survivorship, and Health Policy
Abstract Number: 
J Clin Oncol 32, 2014 (suppl 26; abstr 104)
Meeghan Ann Lautner, Heather Y. Lin, Yu Shen, Catherine Parker, Henry Mark Kuerer, Simona Flora Shaitelman, Gildy Babiera, Isabelle Bedrosian; The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX; Radiation Therapy Oncology Group, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX

Abstract Disclosures


Background: Since 1990 breast conserving therapy (BCT) has become a widely accepted modality in the treatment of breast cancer. However, many women continue to undergo mastectomy over BCT. The objective of this study was to provide a comprehensive population based review of the factors that influence utilization of BCT. Methods: Using the National Cancer Database (NCDB), we evaluated women who underwent a mastectomy or BCT for T1/T2, any N breast cancer between 1998 and 2011. We conducted a retrospective review of patient and facility variables associated with undergoing BCT and the trends over time. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the multivariate relationship between these variables and the probability of undergoing BCT. Results: Among the 727,927 patients who met study criteria, BCT rates increased from 54% in 1998 to 59% in 2006 and then stabilized. After adjusting for demographic and clinical characteristics, BCT utilization was more likely in patients aged 52-61 compared to younger patients (odds ratio (OR) 1.14 {95% CI 1.12-1.15}) and in those with the highest education level (OR 1.16 {95% CI 1.14-1.19}). BCT rates were higher in patients with private insurance compared to the uninsured (OR 1.33 {95% CI 1.28-1.38}) and in those with the highest median income (OR 1.09 {95% CI 1.06-1.11}) (all p < 0.0001). Academic Cancer Programs, facilities in the Northeast and patients who lived within 17 miles of a treatment facility had higher utilization of BCT than Community Cancer Programs (OR 1.13 {95% CI 1.11-1.15}), facilities located in the South (OR 1.50 {95% CI 1.48-1.52}) and those who lived further from a treatment facility (OR 1.25 {95% CI 1.23-1.27}) (all p<0.0001). When comparing BCT utilization in 1998 and 2011, increases were seen across age groups, in community cancer programs and in facilities located in the South; however, disparities by insurance status, income level and travel greater than 17 miles to a treatment facility persist. Conclusions: BCT rates have increased during the last two decades. Disparities based on age, geographic location and type of cancer program have improved. However, socio-economic status and travel distance to treatment facilities persist as key barriers to BCT utilization.