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The 21-gene breast cancer assay in small (<1cm) tumors.
Background: Tumor size is a clinicopathologic factor often used in early stage breast cancer (EBC) management to estimate prognosis and make decisions about therapy. While in general, small tumors have a lower chance of recurring than large tumors, some patients with small tumors have poor outcomes. The 21-gene breast cancer assay (OncotypeDX) yields a Recurrence Score result that predicts the 10-yr risk of distant recurrence (DR) and the likelihood of chemotherapy (CT) benefit in patients (pts) with ER+ EBC. This study reviews the clinical evidence and experience of the 21-gene assay in subcentimeter (subCM) tumors and shows that the Recurrence Score is more reflective of the underlying tumor biology. Methods: A meta-analysis of Genomic Health validation and supportive studies reporting Recurrence Score result and tumor size was conducted in order to describe the distribution of Recurrence Score results. Results: There were 10 GHI-sponsored studies (7,094 pts) that presented Recurrence Score results as a function of tumor size. The studies varied in the recorded tumor sizes, ranging from < = 0.5 cm to > 5 cm. Four studies specifically examined the distribution of Recurrence Score results in subCM tumors and identified a total of 629 pts out of 2,912 pts (21.6%) that fit the size criteria of < 1cm. A broad distribution of score results was observed in subCM tumors in the four studies combined: 61% low, 25% int, 15% high. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that not all pts with subCM tumors have low risk disease, and that the 21-gene assay can help inform the risk of DR more precisely as well as predict the likelihood of CT benefit. Approximately 40% of pts had intermediate or high score results, suggesting an increased potential for DR and CT benefit. The clinical implications of this meta-analysis are that size doesn’t tell the whole story. There is underlying biology reflected in the Recurrence Score that can better inform the treatment decision for pts with ER+ EBC.
|Study (N pts with
tumor < 1cm)
|GHI Kaiser (242)||61||21||18|
|GHI Breast Registry (168)||60||32||8|
Abstracts by Christy Ann Russell:
SWOG S9005: Double blind phase III randomized trial of the anti-progestin agent mifepristone in the treatment of unresectable meningioma.Meeting: 2015 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: e17084
- Meeting: 2014 Breast Cancer Symposium | Abstract No: 122