A randomized phase 2 trial comparing efficacy of the combination of the PARP inhibitor olaparib and the antiangiogenic cediranib against olaparib alone in recurrent platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer.

Gynecologic Cancer
Session Type and Session Title: 
Oral Abstract Session, Gynecologic Cancer
Abstract Number: 
J Clin Oncol 32:5s, 2014 (suppl; abstr LBA5500)
Joyce Liu, William Thomas Barry, Michael J. Birrer, Jung-min Lee, Ronald J. Buckanovich, Gini F. Fleming, Bj Rimel, Mary K. Buss, Sreenivasa R. Nattam, Jean Hurteau, Weixiu Luo, Philippa Quy, Elizabeth Obermayer, Christin Whalen, Hang Lee, Eric P. Winer, Elise C. Kohn, S. Percy Ivy, Ursula Matulonis; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA; Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA; National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD; University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI; University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, IL; Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA; Fort Wayne Medical Oncology and Hematology, Fort Wayne, IN; Northshore University Health Systems, University of Chicago, Evanston, IL; IBCSG Statistical Center, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA; Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD

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Abstract Disclosures


Background: PARP inhibitors and anti-angiogenics are clinically active in recurrent ovarian cancer (OvCa). Preclinical studies suggest these agents can synergize, and a phase 1 study showed that the combination of cediranib (ced) and olaparib (olap) is well-tolerated. We therefore compared the activity of olap alone (Olap) to combined ced and olap (Ced/Olap) in treatment of recurrent platinum-sensitive (plat-sens) high-grade serous (HGS) or BRCA-related OvCa (NCT 01116648). Methods: Patients (pts) across 9 centers were randomized 1:1 in this Ph 2 open label study to Olap (olap 400 mg capsules BID) or Ced/Olap (olap 200 mg capsules BID; ced 30 mg daily), stratified by BRCA status and prior anti-angiogenic therapy. Eligibility included pts with recurrent plat-sens HGS or BRCA-related OvCa. Pts had measurable disease by RECIST 1.1, PS 0 or 1, and the ability to take POs. No prior anti-angiogenics in the recurrent setting or prior PARP inhibitor was allowed. Progression-free survival (PFS) was defined as time from randomization to radiographic progression or death. With a target N=90 pts, the study was powered to detect a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.75 (median PFS 6 vs 10.5 mo). Results: Pts were enrolled from Oct 2011 to Jun 2013: 46 to Olap, 44 to Ced/Olap. 48 pts were known BRCA carriers (25 Olap; 23 Ced/Olap). At a planned interim analysis the DSMB recommended release of data. As of Jan 7, 2014, 41 pts had a PFS event. Median PFS was 9.0 mos for Olap and 17.7 mos for Ced/Olap (HR 2.9, 95% CI 1.5-5.6, p = 0.001). There were 2 complete responses (CR) and 21 partial responses (PR) in pts on Olap (56% objective response rate, ORR) and 3 CRs and 33 PRs in pts on Ced/Olap (84% ORR, p = 0.008). The overall rate of Gr3/4 toxicity was higher for pts on Ced/Olap (70%) than on Olap (7%). Differentially occurring toxicities included fatigue (27% Ced/Olap vs 7% Olap), diarrhea (23% vs 0%), and hypertension (39% vs 0%). Updated efficacy and exploratory subgroup analyses will be presented. Conclusions: Combined Ced/Olap significantly extended PFS and ORR compared to Olap in plat-sens OvCa. Further studies of this oral combination in plat-sens OvCa are warranted. Clinical trial information: NCT01116648.