Patient-reported sleep disruption as an independent prognostic factor for overall survival in metastatic colorectal cancer.

Cancers of the Colon and Rectum
Session Type and Session Title: 
General Poster Session C: Cancers of the Colon and Rectum
Abstract Number: 
J Clin Oncol 32, 2014 (suppl 3; abstr 410)
Ayhan Ulusakarya, Oxana Palesh, Georg A. Bjarnason, Carl Deguzman, Karyn Haitz, Sylvie Giacchetti, David Spiegel, Francis Levi, Pasquale F. Innominato; Hôpital Paul Brouse, Villejuif, France; Stanford University, School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; Sunnybrook Odette Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; INSERM U776, Paris, France; Inserm U776, Sevice de Chronothérapie, Département de Cancérologie, Hôpital Paul Brouse, Villejuif, France

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Abstract Disclosures


Background: Sleep disruption is a prevalent problem among cancer patients and survivors, but clinical correlates of poor sleep are understudied, especially in colorectal cancer. We recently showed that metastatic breast cancer patients with poor sleep efficiency have a shorter overall survival. The primary study objective is to clarify the relationship between subjective sleep disruption and survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCC). Methods: 240 pts (63% male, mean age=59; SD=11.0) treated for MCC in 1st to 5th line of 5-fluorouracil based chemotherapy completed the QOL Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30). We considered sleep to be disrupted if patients reported little to severe trouble sleeping (scores >0 ). Multivariate Cox models included age, gender, site of primary tumor, stage at diagnosis, number of metastatic sites, performance status and prior chemotherapy. Results: 65.4% of the patients reported mild to severe sleep disruption according to EORTC QLQ-C30. Patients with trouble sleeping had poorer overall survival as compared to those without sleep disruption (HR: 1.47 [1.11 to 1.95]; p=0.008). Respective median survival times (months) were 14.2 [95% CI: 12.3 to 16.1] and 17.7 [10.0 to 25.3]. The survival benefit observed in patients without sleep disruption remained statistically significant after adjustment for other prognostic factors. The final multivariate prognostic model included subjective sleep disruption (HR: 1.49 [1.11 to 2.00]; p=0.009), number of metastatic sites (p<0.001), performance status (p=0.023), and prior chemotherapy (p<0.001). Conclusions: Our findings show that patients reported sleep disruption is an independent prognostic factor for overall survival in MCC. Future research is needed to determine the mechanisms of sleep disruption and its effect on survival, and whether treatment of sleep disruption can improve survival in MCC.