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Mutations within the EGFR signaling pathway: Influence on efficacy in FIRE-3—A randomized phase III study of FOLFIRI plus cetuximab or bevacizumab as first-line treatment for wild-type (WT) KRAS (exon 2) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients.
Oral Abstract Session: Cancers of the Colon and Rectum (eQ&A)
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: The FIRE-3 study (AIO KRK-0306) was designed as a randomized multicenter trial to compare the efficacy of FOLFIRI plus cetuximab (cet) to FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab (bev) as first-line treatment in KRAS WT mCRC patients. FOLFIRI plus cet as first-line treatment of KRAS WT mCRC patients resulted in comparable overall response rates (ORR) and progression free survival (PFS) when compared to FOLFIRI plus bev. Overall survival (OS) was significantly longer in the FOLFIRI plus cet arm. Methods: In a preplanned analysis, the effect of mutations within the EGFR dependent pathway were investigated. Next to mutations within KRAS (exon 2, 3, 4), NRAS (exon 2, 3, 4) and BRAF (V600E), mutations within PIK3CA (exon 9 and 20) and Akt were investigated and their impact on ORR, PFS and OS within the FIRE-3 population was evaluated. The analysis of all mutations was carried out employing pyrosequencing. Results: The ITT population consisted of 592 KRAS WT (exon 2) patients. The current analysis includes 488 cases (82.4%) with tumor tissue available. In 407 pts sequencing of all RAS mutations was possible. The ORR within the WT RAS patient group was higher in the FOLFIRI plus cet arm (65.5% vs 59.6%; Fisher´s p: 0.157). HRs (cet; bev) for pts with WT RASwere 0.93 (95% CI, 0.74-1.17; p = 0.54) for PFS and 0.70 (95% CI, 0.53-0.92; p = 0.01) for OS. PIK3CA mutation did not influence PFS nor OS when compared to the RAS wt population. Conclusions: ORR and OS were increased in patients with cet plus FOLFIRI as compared to bev plus FOLFIRI in patients without RAS mutations. Exclusion of patients with RAS mutations identifies a population which is more likely to benefit from cetuximab. Clinical trial information: NCT00433927.
Abstracts by Sebastian Stintzing:
Association of TLR9 polymorphism with overall survival in metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab enrolled in FIRE3.Meeting: 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 498
Differences in gene-expression in mCRC tissue samples with regard to tumor location and used chemotherapeutic substances: Data of the FIRE-1 study.Meeting: 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 562
Serum amyloid α (SAA-1) SNP rs12218 to predict outcome for mCRC patients treated with FOLFIRI and bevacizumab: Data from FIRE-3 trial.Meeting: 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 586