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Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy with S-1 in patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer.
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) with S-1 (oral fluoropyrimidine) followed by surgery for the treatment of borderline resectable pancreatic cancer that involved the major visceral artery or the portal venous system. Methods: Twenty-eight patients with pancreatic cancers that abutted the SMA in 10, the CHA in 7, the both SMA and CHA in 1, and occluded the SMV/PV in 10 were treated with NACRT at a single institution. Radiation therapy was delivered at a total dose of 50.4 Gy in 28 fractions. S-1 was administered orally at a dose of 80 mg/m(2)/day for 14 consecutive days followed by a 7-day rest period during radiation therapy. After radiotherapy and 2 courses of S-1, restaging was done to evaluate secondary resectability. Results: Of the all patients, 25 underwent a full course of NACRT, and NACRT terminated in 3 patients because of grade 3 leukopenia in 2 and tumor bleeding in 1. Partial response was achieved in 3 patients and stable disease in 22. Twenty-four patients (86%) underwent surgical resection, and all had margin-negative (R0) resections. Only two patients (8%) had major morbidity as Clavien-Dindo’s classification III or more, and there was no operative or in-hospital mortality. Pathological examination revealed that more than 50% of tumor cells had disappeared in 14 cases and all cases achieved Evans’ score IIa and more. Conclusions: Neoadjuvant chemoradiation with S-1 was feasible and promising therapy for borderline resectable pancreatic cancer that involves the major artery or the portal venous system.