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Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor and angiotensin receptor blocker use and outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer.
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: Increasing evidence implicates angiotensin in the pathophysiology of carcinogenesis. Both Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACEIs) and Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs) have shown in-vitro activity in Colorectal Cancer (CRC) via inhibition of both VEGF and IGF-1 and present a novel therapeutic strategy. This study aimed to investigate the association of these agents in outcomes of patients with CRC. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of patients with stage I-III CRC from 2004-2008. ACEI and ARB use was defined as consumption for at least 3 months in patients with no evidence of disease after initial diagnosis and treatment. Outcomes were Disease Free Survival (DFS) and Overall Survival (OS). Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards regression were used. Results: A total of 222 patients were included, with a median follow up of 39 months. A total of 105 (47%) were identified as users of ACEI/ARBs. Multivariate analysis, adjusted to age, sex, race, stage, grade, tumor location, adjuvant chemotherapy, radiotherapy, statin and ASA use showed significantly improved DFS among users of ACEI and/or ARBs compared to non-users (HR = 0.44, p = 0.003). Considered separately, users of ACEIs only and users of ARBs only had better DFS than non-users (HR = 0.43 and 0.53, respectively). Compared directly, users of ACEIs did not have significantly different DFS than users of ARBs (HR = 0.81, p = 0.678). With regards to OS, multivariate analysis showed that, compared to non-users, patients with ACEI or ARB use had better OS, although non-significantly (HR = 0.59, p = 0.219). However, the magnitude of the impact on OS was comparable to that seen for DFS. Conclusions: The use of ACEIs and/or ARBs is associated with improved disease-free survival in CRC patients. There was a statistically insignificant trend toward improved OS, which may be related to the low power to the study. This observation warrants further exploration.
Abstracts by Sherilyn Alvaran Tuazon:
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and angiotensin receptor blocker use and outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer.Meeting: 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: e14516
- Meeting: 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: e18004