OPTiM: A randomized phase III trial of talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC) versus subcutaneous (SC) granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) for the treatment (tx) of unresected stage IIIB/C and IV melanoma.

Melanoma/Skin Cancers
Session Type and Session Title: 
Oral Abstract Session, Melanoma/Skin Cancers
Abstract Number: 



J Clin Oncol 31, 2013 (suppl; abstr LBA9008)


Robert Hans Ingemar Andtbacka, Frances A. Collichio, Thomas Amatruda, Neil N. Senzer, Jason Chesney, Keith A. Delman, Lynn E. Spitler, Igor Puzanov, Susan Doleman, Yining Ye, Ari M. Vanderwalde, Robert Coffin, Howard Kaufman; Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT; The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC; Hubert H. Humphrey Cancer Center, Robbinsdale, MN; Mary Crowley Cancer Research Center, Dallas, TX; University of Louisville, Louisville, KY; Department of Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, GA; Northern California Melanoma Center, San Francisco, CA; Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN; Amgen, Inc., Woburn, MA; Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Amgen Inc., South San Francisco, CA; Amgen, Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA; Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL

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Abstract Disclosures


Background: T-VEC is an oncolytic immunotherapy (OI) derived from herpes simplex virus type-1 designed to selectively replicate within tumors and to produce GM-CSF to enhance systemic antitumor immune responses. OPTiM is a randomized, phase III trial of T-VEC or GM-CSF in patients (pts) with unresected melanoma with regional or distant metastases. We report the primary results of the first phase III study of OI. Methods: Key criteria: age ≥18 yrs; ECOG ≤1; unresectable melanoma stage IIIB/C or IV; injectable cutaneous, SC, or nodal lesions; LDH ≤1.5X upper limit of normal; ≤3 visceral lesions (excluding lung), none >3 cm. Pts were randomized 2:1 to intralesional T-VEC (initially ≤ 4 mL x106 pfu/mL then after 3 wks, ≤ 4 mL x108 pfu/mL Q2W) or SC GM-CSF (125 µg/m2qd x 14 days q28d). The primary endpoint was durable response rate (DRR): partial or complete response (CR) continuously for ≥6 mos starting within 12 mos. Responses were per modified WHO by blinded central review. A planned interim analysis of overall survival (OS; key secondary endpoint) was performed. Results: 436 pts are in the ITT set: 295 (68%) T-VEC, 141 (32%) GM-CSF. 57% were men; median age was 63 yrs. Stage distribution was: IIIB/C 30%, IVM1a 27%, IVM1b 21%, IVM1c 22%. Objective response rate with T-VEC was 26% (95% CI: 21%, 32%) with 11% CR, and with GM-CSF was 6% (95% CI: 2%, 10%) with 1% CR. DRR for T-VEC was 16% (95% CI: 12%, 21%) and 2% for GM-CSF (95% CI: 0%, 5%), p<0.0001. DRR by stage (T-VEC, GM-CSF) was IIIB/C (33%, 0%), M1a (16%, 2%), M1b (3%, 4%), and M1c (8%, 3%). Interim OS showed a trend in favor of T-VEC; HR 0.79 (95% CI: 0.61, 1.02). Most common adverse events (AEs) with T-VEC were fatigue, chills, and pyrexia. Serious AEs occurred in 26% of T-VEC and 13% of GM-CSF pts. No ≥ grade 3 AE occurred in ≥ 3% of pts in either arm. Conclusions: T-VEC demonstrated both a statistically significant improvement in DRR over GM-CSF in pts with unresectable stage IIIB-IV melanoma and a tolerable safety profile; an interim analysis showed a trend toward improved OS. T-VEC represents a novel potential tx option for melanoma with regional or distant metastases. Clinical trial information: NCT00769704.