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Guanylyl cyclase C (GCC) expression in lymph nodes (LNs) as a determinant of recurrence in stage II colon cancer (CC) patients (pts).
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: The first phase of the multi-center prospectively specified retrospective study Validating Indicators To Associate Recurrence (VITAR), assessing the relationship between GCC gene expression in formalin fixed (FFPE) LNs and time to recurrence (TTR) in stage II CC pts not treated with adjuvant chemotherapy (Sargent, Annals Surg Onc 2011), showed promising initial results. Here we report a validation set of 463 new stage II CC pts. Methods: GCC mRNA was quantified by RT-qPCR using FFPE LNs from untreated T3N0 CC pts diagnosed from 1999-2008 with at least 12 LNs examined , blinded to clinical outcomes. Patients were classified by GCC LN ratio (LNR) (high risk: LNR > 0.1; low risk: LNR ≤ 0.1), with LNR defined as ratio of GCC positive to GCC informative LNs. Cox regression models tested the relationship between GCC and the primary endpoint of TTR, adjusted for age, tumor grade, number of LN examined pathologically, and lymphovascular invasion. Mismatch repair (MMR) status was also assessed. All primary analyses and cut-points were pre-specified. Results: 46pts (10%) recurred (rec), median follow-up was 65 months, median LNs examined was 20, and 42% (195/463) were classified high risk. Overall, TTR was not significantly associated with binary GCC LNR risk class (HR=1.47, p=.208) or DFS (HR= 1.39, p=.097). One site’s (n=97) tissue grossing method precluded appropriate LN assessment with existing GCC qualification methods. Excluding this site resulted in a TTR HR=1.91, p=0.051 (multivariate). In a post-hocanalysis excluding this site and using a 3-level GCC risk group of high (LNR > 0.20), intermediate (0.10 < LNR < 0.20) and low (LNR < 0.10), high risk group pts had a 5-yr rec risk of 22% versus 8% in low risk (HR 2.72, p=0.006). MMR status was not significantly associated with TTR (multivariate p=0.30). Conclusions: GCC status is a promising prognostic factor in appropriately staged stage II CC pts not treated with adjuvant therapy independent of traditional histopathology risk factors, but GCC determination must be performed with methodology adapted to the tissue procurement and fixation technique. Outcome associations were strengthened when considering a 3-level GCC categorization.
Abstracts by D. J. Sargent:
Body mass index (BMI) and DNA mismatch repair status in colon cancers from patients treated in adjuvant therapy trials.Meeting: 2011 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 10590Category: Tumor Biology - Prognostic Factors
Body mass index (BMI) as a prognostic and predictive factor in stage II/III colon cancer: An analysis of the ACCENT database.Meeting: 2011 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: e21126Category: Tumor Biology - Prognostic Factors