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BTTC08-01: A phase II study of bevacizumab and erlotinib after radiation therapy and temozolomide in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM) without MGMT promoter methylation.
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Background: Patients (pts) with GBM with unmethylated MGMT have a worse prognosis than those with methylated MGMT. Novel approaches for this poor risk group are warranted. The Brain Tumor Trials Collaborative (BTTC) performed a phase II trial evaluating standard chemoradiation followed by bevacizumab and erlotinib in patients with MGMT unmethylated GBM. EGFR and VEGFR are upregulated during radiation suggesting that this combination could be more effective than post-radiation adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ). Methods: After informed consent, adult patients with supratentorial GBM, KPS ≥ 70 and > 1 cm2 tumor block for MGMT promoter analysis were screened. Only tumors with confirmed unmethylated MGMT promoter were enrolled. All patients received RT + TMZ and then approximately 4 weeks after RT they received bevacizumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks and erlotinib 150 mg/day, continuously. One cycle was 4 weeks; evaluation by MRI was every 2 cycles. Treatment continued until disease progression or intolerable adverse events. Results: 115 patients were screened; 48 were enrolled (2 unevaluable: 1 for an infratentoral GBM and 1 withdrew after 7 days of treatment) with 29 men, 17 women. Median age was 56 yrs (29-75); median KPS was 90 (70-90). The median number of cycles was 8 (2-38) with 4 patients remaining on trial at the time of analysis. Objective responses: 4 CR, 12 PR and 30 SD. Median PFS is 7.3 months (95% CI (6.4, 11)) and median OS 14.2 months (95% CI (10.7, not reached)). There were no unexpected toxicities; grade 3/4 rate < 5%. Conclusions: Adjuvant bevacizumab and erlotinib in GBM with unmethylated MGMT is well tolerated. Preliminary efficacy data is comparable with outcomes in similar unmethylated MGMT patient populations from the EORTC/NCIC and RTOG 0525 studies. Tissue correlation is being performed. Clinical trial information: NCT00720356.
Abstracts by J. J. Raizer:
A phase I trial of laromustine (VNP40101M) and temozolomide for patients with malignant gliomas in first relapse or progression.Meeting: 2011 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 2064
- Meeting: 2011 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 2050