114388-132

Bevacizumab, irinotecan, and radiotherapy versus standard temozolomide and radiotherapy in newly diagnosed, MGMT-nonmethylated glioblastoma patients: First results from the randomized multicenter GLARIUS trial.

Subcategory: 
Category: 
Central Nervous System Tumors
Session Type and Session Title: 
Oral Abstract Session, Central Nervous System Tumors
Abstract Number: 

LBA2000

Citation: 

J Clin Oncol 31, 2013 (suppl; abstr LBA2000)

Author(s): 

Ulrich Herrlinger, Niklas Schaefer, Joachim Peter Steinbach, Astrid Weyerbrock, Peter Hau, Roland Goldbrunner, Franziska Friedrich, Florian Stockhammer, Florian Ringel, Christian Braun, Ralf Kohnen, Barbara Leutgeb, Claus Belka, Horst Urbach, Walter Stummer, Martin Glas; Division of Clinical Neurooncology, Department of Neurology and Center of Integrated Oncology Cologne/Bonn, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany; Senckenberg Institute of Neurooncology, Frankfurt, Germany; Department of Neurosurgery, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany; Department of Neurology and Wilhelm Sander NeuroOncology Unit, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany; Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cologne and Center of Integrated Oncology Cologne/Bonn, Cologne, Germany; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany; Department of Neurosurgery, University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany; Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum rechts der Isar Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany; Department of General Neurology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany; Research Pharmaceutical Services, Inc., Nuremberg, Germany; Roche Pharma AG, Grenzach-Wyhlen, Germany; Department of Radiation Oncology, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Munich, Germany; Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany; Department of Neurosurgery, University of Munster, Munster, Germany; Division of Clinical Neurooncology, Department of Neurology and Center of Integrated Oncology Cologne/Bonn and Stem Cell Pathologies Group, University of Bonn and Clinical Cooperation Unit Neurooncology, MediClin Robert Janker Clinic, Bonn, Germany


Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).

Abstract Disclosures

Abstract: 

Background: In patients with MGMT-nonmethylated glioblastoma (GBM), primary chemotherapy with temozolomide (TMZ) is at best moderately effective. There is an urgent need for more effective therapies in this large subgroup of GBM. Since results of phase II trials with the antiangiogenic agent bevacizumab (BEV) +/- irinotecan (IRI) are promising in recurrent GBM, the GLARIUS trial explored the efficacy of BEV/IRI as compared to standard TMZ in the first-line therapy of MGMT-non-methylated GBM. Methods: In the randomized, multicenter, open-label GLARIUS trial, adult patients with newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed and MGMT-non-methylated GBM received local radiotherapy (RT, 30 x 2 Gy) and were randomized (2:1) for experimental therapy with BEV (10 mg/kg q2w) during RT followed by maintenance BEV (10 mg/kg q2w) + IRI (125 mg/m² q2w (without enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (EIAEDs)) or 340 mg/m² (with EIAEDs)) or standard therapy with daily TMZ (75 mg/m2) during RT followed by 6 courses of TMZ (150-200 mg/m2/day for 5 days q4w). The primary endpoint was progression-free survival rate after 6 months (PFS-6) as determined by central neuroradiological review. Results: The intent-to-treat population included 170 patients (67.1% male, median age 56 years (range 25-78 years), 48.8% complete resection rate, 78.8% of patients with KPS 90% or higher); 116 patients received BEV/IRI, 54 patients had TMZ. The frequencies of adverse events in both arms of the trial were within the expected range. The PFS-6 rate was significantly higher in the BEV/IRI arm (71.1%, 95% CI 58.1-80.8%) than in the TMZ arm (26.2%, 95% CI 13.1-41.4%, p<0.0001 logrank test). Conclusions: The significant and clinically meaningful increase in the primary endpoint PFS-6 upon BEV/IRI chemotherapy suggests that BEV/IRI is superior to standard TMZ therapy in newly diagnosed MGMT-nonmethylated GBM patients. Clinical trial information: 2009-010390-21.