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Bevacizumab, irinotecan, and radiotherapy versus standard temozolomide and radiotherapy in newly diagnosed, MGMT-nonmethylated glioblastoma patients: First results from the randomized multicenter GLARIUS trial.
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Background: In patients with MGMT-nonmethylated glioblastoma (GBM), primary chemotherapy with temozolomide (TMZ) is at best moderately effective. There is an urgent need for more effective therapies in this large subgroup of GBM. Since results of phase II trials with the antiangiogenic agent bevacizumab (BEV) +/- irinotecan (IRI) are promising in recurrent GBM, the GLARIUS trial explored the efficacy of BEV/IRI as compared to standard TMZ in the first-line therapy of MGMT-non-methylated GBM. Methods: In the randomized, multicenter, open-label GLARIUS trial, adult patients with newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed and MGMT-non-methylated GBM received local radiotherapy (RT, 30 x 2 Gy) and were randomized (2:1) for experimental therapy with BEV (10 mg/kg q2w) during RT followed by maintenance BEV (10 mg/kg q2w) + IRI (125 mg/m² q2w (without enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (EIAEDs)) or 340 mg/m² (with EIAEDs)) or standard therapy with daily TMZ (75 mg/m2) during RT followed by 6 courses of TMZ (150-200 mg/m2/day for 5 days q4w). The primary endpoint was progression-free survival rate after 6 months (PFS-6) as determined by central neuroradiological review. Results: The intent-to-treat population included 170 patients (67.1% male, median age 56 years (range 25-78 years), 48.8% complete resection rate, 78.8% of patients with KPS 90% or higher); 116 patients received BEV/IRI, 54 patients had TMZ. The frequencies of adverse events in both arms of the trial were within the expected range. The PFS-6 rate was significantly higher in the BEV/IRI arm (71.1%, 95% CI 58.1-80.8%) than in the TMZ arm (26.2%, 95% CI 13.1-41.4%, p<0.0001 logrank test). Conclusions: The significant and clinically meaningful increase in the primary endpoint PFS-6 upon BEV/IRI chemotherapy suggests that BEV/IRI is superior to standard TMZ therapy in newly diagnosed MGMT-nonmethylated GBM patients. Clinical trial information: 2009-010390-21.
Abstracts by U. Herrlinger:
- Meeting: 2011 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 2026
Prognostic factors for chemotherapy-related toxicity in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) treated with high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX) with or without ifosfamide: Results from a German phase III trial (G-PCNSL-SG-1).Meeting: 2011 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 2005