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Initial results from a phase I, open-label, dose escalation study of the oral BRAF inhibitor LGX818 in patients with BRAF V600 mutant advanced or metastatic melanoma.
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: LGX818, a potent and selective BRAF inhibitor (BRAFi) being investigated in BRAF V600 mutant melanoma, has unique biochemical properties with a dissociation half-time > 10 times longer than other BRAF inhibitors. Methods: A phase I trial of LGX818 administered orally once (qd) or twice (bid) daily in BRAF V600 tumors was initiated to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD)/recommended phase II dose (RP2D) and to assess pharmacokinetics and clinical activity in BRAFi–naive or pretreated patients with BRAF V600 mutant advanced melanoma. Baseline assessment of biomarkers from MAPK/PI3K pathways and pharmacodynamics were also evaluated. Results: Fifty-four patients have been enrolled in the dose-escalation phase (dose levels [DLs], 50-700 mg qd [n=42] and 75-150 mg bid [n=12]). LGX818 plasma concentrations increased proportionally by dose with a mean t1/2 of 4 hours and steady state in ≈ 15 days. The MTD/RP2D (450 mg qd) was well tolerated. Seven patients had a dose limiting toxicity (DLT): 5 at qd (1 each with hand-foot skin reaction [HFSR], foot pain, fatigue, diarrhea/rash, insomnia/asthenia) and 2 at bid (1 facial paresis/confusion, 1 musculoskeletal pain/neuralgia). All DLTs were grade 3 and reversible. The most common adverse events (≥ 20%) suspected to be treatment related were cutaneous (rash, dry skin, HFSR, pruritus, keratosis pilaris, alopecia), pain in extremity, arthralgia, and fatigue. Squamous cell carcinoma was observed in 2 patients (1 naive and 1 pretreated). As of 30 Sept 2012, the preliminary efficacy (all DLs) in patients with at least 1 postbaseline tumor assessment was 16 partial responses [PRs] (67%; 12 confirmed) out of 24 BRAFi–naive patients and 2 PRs (8.3%; 1 confirmed) among 24 BRAFi–pretreated patients. Responses were seen at all DLs from 50 to 550 mg qd. Updated safety and efficacy including time to event endpoints will be reported. Conclusions: Initial results from this study identified the MTD/RP2D as 450 mg/day and provided an early sign of promising activity in advanced melanoma. Expansion cohorts are ongoing in BRAFi–naive and BRAFi–pretreated melanoma and colorectal cancer. Clinical trial information: NCT01436656.
Abstracts by R. Dummer:
An open-label pilot study of vemurafenib in previously treated metastatic melanoma patients with brain metastases.Meeting: 2011 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 8548Category: Melanoma/Skin Cancers - Melanoma
EORTC 18991 phase III trial: Long-term adjuvant pegylated interferon-α2b (PEG-IFN) versus observation in resected stage III melanoma: Long-term results at 7.6-years follow-up.Meeting: 2011 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 8506bCategory: Melanoma/Skin Cancers - Melanoma