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Record-3: Phase II randomized trial comparing sequential first-line everolimus (EVE) and second-line sunitinib (SUN) versus first-line SUN and second-line EVE in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC).
J Clin Oncol 31, 2013 (suppl; abstr 4504)
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: Sequential SUN (tyrosine kinase inhibitor, TKI) until progression of disease (PD) followed by EVE (mTOR inhibitor) is standard therapy for patients with mRCC. This open-label, multicenter, phase II trial compared 1st-line EVE to 1st-line SUN (NCT00903175). Sequential EVE→SUN was also compared with standard SUN→EVE. Methods: Patients with mRCC (clear or non-clear cell) naive to prior systemic therapy were randomized 1:1 to either 1st-line EVE 10 mg/day or SUN 50 mg/day (4 weeks on, 2 weeks off) until PD. Patients then crossed over and continued on the alternate drug until PD. Primary objective was to assess PFS noninferiority of 1st-line EVE to 1st-line SUN; defined as an observed hazard ratio (HR)1st EVE/SUN ≤1.1. Overall survival (OS), combined 1st-line and 2nd-line PFS, and safety were secondary end points. Results: From10/09 to 6/11, 471 patients enrolled (EVE→SUN, n = 238; SUN→EVE, n = 233). Median age was 62 years, 85.4% had clear-cell RCC, and MSKCC favorable/intermediate/poor risk was 30/56/14%. Median follow-up was 22.7 months. A total of 53.7% of patients who discontinued 1st-line EVE entered into 2nd-line SUN and 51.6% of patients who discontinued 1st-line SUN entered into 2nd-line EVE. Median PFS (95% CI) was 7.9 (5.6-8.2) months for 1st-line EVE and 10.7 (8.2-11.5) months for 1st-line SUN. HR1st EVE/1st SUN (95% CI) was 1.43 (1.15-1.77). Median OS (95% CI) was 22.4 (19.7-NA) months for EVE→SUN and 32.0 (20.5-NA) months for SUN→EVE; HREVE-SUN/SUN-EVE (95% CI) was 1.24 (0.94-1.64). A trend in favor of SUN→EVE for OS was observed, but will need to be confirmed with final OS analysis. Additional efficacy results for secondary end points are forthcoming. Common treatment-emergent adverse events for 1st-line EVE vs SUN, respectively, were stomatitis (53% vs 57%), fatigue (45% vs 51%), and diarrhea (38% vs 57%). Conclusions: Noninferiority of PFS for 1st-line EVE compared with SUN was not achieved in this randomized phase II trial of mRCC patients. The treatment paradigm remains SUN→EVE since the sequence achieved optimal clinical benefit. Clinical trial information: NCT00903175.
Abstracts by R. J. Motzer:
A phase III comparative study of nivolumab (anti-PD-1; BMS-936558; ONO-4538) versus everolimus in patients (pts) with advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) previously treated with antiangiogenic therapy.
A phase II multicenter evaluation of ARQ 197 monotherapy in patients with relapsed or refractory germ cell tumors (GCTs).