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Identifying clinically relevant prognostic subgroups in node-positive postmenopausal HR+ early breast cancer patients treated with endocrine therapy: A combined analysis of 2,485 patients from ABCSG-8 and ATAC using the PAM50 risk of recurrence (ROR) score and intrinsic subtype.
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Background: Most postmenopausal women with node positive HR+ EBC receive adjuvant chemotherapy. We hypothesized that a molecular-based characterization of residual risk after endocrine therapy using the ROR score and IS may identify node-positive patient subgroups with limited long-term recurrence risk after endocrine therapy better than clinical-pathological risk assessment by clinical treatment score (CTS) alone. Methods: Long-term follow-up and tissue samples were obtained from 2,485 postmenopausal HR+ patients from the ABCSG-8 (N=1,478) and transATAC (N=1,007) trials. The PAM50 test was conducted on RNA extracted from paraffin blocks using the NanoString nCounter Analysis system. The ability of ROR, IS and ROR-defined risk groups (ROR-RG) to add prognostic information to CTS was assessed by the likelihood ratio test in a prospectively defined analysis plan. Results: Patients in the combined data set were grouped by the number of positive nodes into 1 (N1), 2 (N2), or 2 or 3 (N2-3),Baseline hazards for these subgroups were similar in the two trials. ROR score, IS and ROR-RG added statistically significant prognostic information (10-year distant recurrence risk) beyond CTS in all groups. In patients with one positive node, the absolute 10-year risk of distant recurrence was 6.6% [95% CI: 3.3%-12.8%] in the PAM-50-low risk group (40% of patients) and 8.4 % [5.3%-13.3%] in the Luminal A subgroup (69% of patients). Conclusions: The results of this combined analysis demonstrate that a significant proportion of N1 EBC patients have very limited long term recurrence risk and suggest the same for some N2 patients. The PAM50 ROR score, IS and ROR-RG reliably provide additional prognostic information beyond CTS and may be useful in deciding which women with node-positive HR+ EBC can be spared adjuvant chemotherapy.
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Abstracts by M. Gnant:
- Meeting: 2011 Breast Cancer Symposium | Abstract No: 41
Effect of change of body mass index (BMI) during therapy on the efficacy of endocrine therapy in premenopausal patients with breast cancer: An analysis of the ABCSG-12 trial.Meeting: 2011 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 514Category: Breast Cancer - HER2/ER - ER+