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Cilengitide combined with standard treatment for patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma and methylated O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene promoter: Key results of the multicenter, randomized, open-label, controlled, phase III CENTRIC study.
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Background: Cilengitide (CIL) is a selective αvβ3 and αvβ5 integrin inhibitor. In a phase II study in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma, CIL added to standard temozolomide (TMZ) and radiotherapy (RT) was well tolerated and appeared to confer improved survival in patients with glioblastoma and methylated MGMT gene promoter (Stupp et al. J Clin Oncol. 2010;28:2712-8). Methods: This multicenter, randomized, controlled, open-label, phase III study randomized (1:1) patients (≥ 18 years) with newly diagnosed, histologically proven supratentorial glioblastoma (WHO Grade IV) and centrally determined MGMT gene promoter methylation. Treatment consisted of CIL 2000 mg twice weekly i.v. plus standard TMZ/RT→TMZ (concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide and radiotherapy; Stupp et al. N Engl J Med. 2005;352:987-96) or standard TMZ/RT→TMZ alone. CIL was to be administered for ≥ 18 months, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS); secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) per investigator read and safety. Results: 272 patients received CIL plus TMZ/RT→TMZ, and 273 were treated with TMZ/RT→TMZ alone (intention-to-treat population). 54% and 52% of patients were male, and 42% and 44% had ECOG-PS ≥ 1, respectively. 75% of patients of both arms were ≥ 50 years old. Overall, baseline characteristics were well balanced across treatment arms. Median OS was 26.3 months in both arms (Hazard Ratio [HR] = 1.02 [95%CI: 0.81-1.29], p = 0.86). Median PFS per investigator read was 13.5 months in the CIL arm and 10.7 months in the control arm (HR = 0.93 [95%CI: 0.76-1.14], p = 0.48). Treatment was generally well tolerated and the known safety profile of CIL was confirmed. Conclusions: CIL failed to prolong PFS or OS in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma and methylated MGMT gene promoter. The previously reported safety profile of CIL in addition to standard therapy was confirmed. Clinical trial information: NCT00689221.
Abstracts by R. Stupp:
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