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A randomized phase II trial of sipuleucel-T with concurrent or sequential abiraterone acetate (AA) plus prednisone (P) in metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC).
J Clin Oncol 31, 2013 (suppl; abstr 5047^)
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: Sipuleucel-T and AA + P are FDA-approved for asymptomatic/minimally symptomatic mCRPC. Suppression of the androgen axis can be immunostimulatory and AA suppresses circulating androgen levels; AA plus sipuleucel-T may therefore be synergistic. However P used with AA, which may be immunosuppressive, has not been studied with concurrent sipuleucelET and could impair sipuleucel-T production and/or immunologic response. P11-3 (NCT01487863) is the 1st study to evaluate the combination of sipuleucel-T and AA + P Methods: Patients (pts) with asymptomatic/minimally symptomatic mCRPC were randomized (1:1) to sipuleucel-T (3 infusions at approx 2-wk intervals) with up to 26 wks of AA + P (AA 1000mg QD + P 5mg BID) starting 1 day after the 1st sipuleucel-T infusion (concurrent, arm A) or at 10 wks following the 1st sipuleucel-T infusion (sequential, arm B). Endpoints included the effect of AA + P on product (sipuleucel-T) characteristics eg antigen presenting cell (APC) activation, measured as CD54 upregulation (primary endpoint), APC (measured as CD54+ cells) and total nucleated cell (TNC) counts, as well as safety and immunologic responses. Results: 31 pts in arm A and 32 pts in arm B completed sipuleucel-T treatment by the interim analysis (Nov 2012). Baseline characteristics were similar in the 2 arms. 60/63 pts received all 3 infusions of sipuleucel-T. No significant differences in median cumulative APC activation, APC count or TNC count were seen between the arms. Increased CD54 upregulation with the 2nd and 3rd treatments were indicative of a prime boost effect in both arms. Similar profiles of antigen-specific humoral and cellular immune responses were generated with no difference in magnitude of response between the arms (p>0.05). The incidence of adverse events (AEs) and serious AEs was similar in both arms. Conclusions: These data suggest sipuleucel-T can be successfully manufactured during concurrent AA + P. Product potency and prime boost effect were similar to sipuleucel-T alone. Immune responses and AEs were similar in both arms. It is not known if sipuleucel-T will provide similar efficacy with concurrent or sequential AA + P. Clinical trial information: NCT01487863.
Abstracts by E. J. Small:
Abiraterone acetate (AA) in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and prior therapy with ketoconazole: A Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Consortium study.Category: Genitourinary Cancer - Prostate Cancer
Cabozantinib (XL184) in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC): Results from a phase II randomized discontinuation trial.Category: Genitourinary Cancer - Prostate Cancer