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MM-005: A phase I trial of pomalidomide, bortezomib, and low-dose dexamethasone (PVD) in relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM).
J Clin Oncol 31, 2013 (suppl; abstr 8584)
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: Combinations of lenalidomide (LEN), bortezomib (BORT), and dexamethasone (DEX) have demonstrated preclinical and clinical activity in patients (pts) with multiple myeloma. Pomalidomide with low-dose DEX (LoDEX) has demonstrated efficacy in RRMM pts treated with prior LEN and BORT. MM-005 was designed to identify the optimal PVD dose for a phase 3 trial comparing PVD vs BORT + LoDEX (VD) in RRMM (MM-007). Methods: Eligible pts had RRMM with 1-4 prior therapies including ≥ 2 consecutive cycles of LEN and a proteasome inhibitor. Pts must have been refractory to LEN (progressive disease [PD] during or within 60 days of LEN treatment), but not refractory to BORT (at 1.3 mg/m2 twice-weekly). The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was determined using a 3 + 3 design in 5 cohorts. Each cohort received 21-day cycles of POM 1-4mg/day on D1-14; BORT 1-1.3mg/m2on D1, 4, 8, 11; and LoDEX 20mg/day on D1-2, 4-5, 8-9, 11-12. An expansion cohort was enrolled at the MTD. Treatment was continued until PD or unacceptable toxicity. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) were assessed during cycle 1. The primary endpoint was MTD; secondary endpoints were safety, overall response rate (ORR; ≥ partial response), duration of response, and time to response (TTR). Results: As of Dec 31, 2012, 21 pts were enrolled (3 pts per escalating dose cohort; 6 in the expansion cohort). Median age was 57 years (36-75). All were LEN-refractory and had prior BORT. No DLTs were observed at any dose level. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events (AEs) were neutropenia (32%) and thrombocytopenia (21%). With thromboprophylaxis, no deep vein thrombosis was observed. 17 pts remain on study and no pts have discontinued treatment due to AE. Thus far, the ORR was 72% (n = 18 evaluable) and responses were rapid (median TTR, 2 cycles). Conclusions: PVD was well-tolerated in RRMM with no DLTs and no discontinuations due to AE to date. PVD has promising activity with a current ORR of 72%. The maximum planned dose of POM 4mg/day on D1-14; BORT 1.3mg/m2 on D1, 4, 8, and 11; and DEX 20mg on D1-2, 4-5, 8-9, 11-12 of a 21-day cycle has now been incorporated into the MM-007 phase III trial comparing PVD with VD in RRMM pts (N = 782 planned). Clinical trial information: NCT01497093.
Abstracts by P. G. Richardson:
Activity of the NEDD8-specific inhibitor MLN 4924 in multiple myeloma and Waldenström's macroglobulinemia, and effect on miRNA expression.
- Meeting: 2010 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 8140