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Belinostat, a novel pan-histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), in relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (R/R PTCL): Results from the BELIEF trial.
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Background: Therapies approved in US for R/R PTCL have overall response rates (ORR) of 25%-27%. The need for new therapies persists. BELIEF is a pivotal, single-arm study of belinostat in patients with R/R PTCL after failure of ≥1 prior systemic therapies. Methods: Entry criteria were measurable PTCL, platelets ≥ 50,000/µL, no prior HDACi therapy, and adequate organ function. PTCL was confirmed by central pathology review (CPRG). Belinostat 30 min IV infusion at 1000 mg/m2was administered on days 1–5 of a 3 week cycle until progression or unacceptable toxicity. Tumor response was assessed by Cheson 2007 criteria. The primary endpoint was ORR. Results: Patients with R/R PTCL (N=129, 53% male, median age 63 y) received belinostat a median of 2 cycles (range 1–33). The median number of prior therapies was 2 (1-8) including CHOP/CHOP-like (96%) and stem cell transplant (23%). The median administered dose intensity was 98%. One and two dose reductions of 25% occurred in 12% and 1% of patients, respectively, due to adverse events (AEs). For patients with CPRG confirmed PTCL (N=120), the ORR was 26% (n=31; 10% CR; 16% PR). The median time to response was 5.6 weeks (range 4.3-50.4). The median duration of response (DoR) was 8.3 months; longest DoR was 29.4 months. Seven patients remain on study in response. For the subgroup of patients with CPRG confirmed PTCL and baseline platelets ≥100,000/μL (N=100) ORR was 28% (CR 11%; PR 17%). The most frequent (≥ 5%) grade 3-4 treatment emergent AEs were thrombocytopenia (13%), neutropenia (13%), anemia (10%), dyspnea (6%), pneumonia (6%), and fatigue (5%). Patients with platelets <100K tolerated belinostat, with 98% dose intensity. Belinostat was well tolerated with a low incidence of myelosuppression. Discontinuations were due to PD (64%), death (11%), AEs (7%), patient request (8%), and other (4%). Conclusions: Belinostat demonstrated a 26%-28% ORR in BELIEF and was well tolerated with a favorable safety profile in patients with R/R PTCL including those with low platelets. The low incidence of myelosuppression observed warrants further investigation of belinostat combination therapy to develop new treatment paradigms for R/R PTCL. Clinical trial information: NCT00865969.
Abstracts by O. A. O'Connor:
Phase III trial of brentuximab vedotin and CHP versus CHOP in the frontline treatment of patients (pts) with CD30+ mature T-cell lymphomas (MTCL).Meeting: 2013 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: TPS8611
Evaluation of the potential of histone deacetylase inhibitors to synergize the antineoplastic effects of the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).Meeting: 2009 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 8584