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Validation of DPYD variants DPYD*2A, I560S, and D949V as predictors of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-related toxicity in stage III colon cancer (CC) patients from adjuvant trial NCCTG N0147.
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: Prediction of 5-FU-related adverse events (5FU-AEs) continues to be problematic. Pharmacogenetic studies on the rate-limiting enzyme in 5-FU metabolism, dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), suggest a link between three variants and both decreased enzyme activity and increased toxicity: c.1905+1 G>A (DPYD*2A; rs3918290), c.1679 T>G (I560S; DPYD*13; rs55886062), and c.2846A>T (D949V; rs67376798). Since the adverse impact of DPYD variants on 5-FU toxicity remains controversial, we determined associations between the three known DPYD variants and 5FU-AEs in stage III CC patients receiving FOLFOX or FOLFIRI (+ cetuximab) after curative resection. Methods: 2886 patients were genotyped by multiplexed single-base extension assays using the IPLEX Gold Kit and analyzed on the Sequenom MassARRAY system. Grade 3+ AEs were recorded per CTCAE v3. Fisher’s exact test, unequal variance two-sample t-test, and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used to compare categorical variables, continuous variables, and counts between patients with wild-type and mutant status. Logistic regressions were used to assess univariate and multivariate associations. Results: Patients displayed the following characteristics: male gender 53.2%, median age 58 [19-86], proficient DNA mismatch repair status 88.6%, PS-0 76.6%, + irinotecan 8.1%, and + cetuximab 45.9%. A total of 27 (0.9%), 4 (0.1%), and 32 (1.1%) patients carried the DPYD*2A, I560S, and D949V variants, respectively. Analysis identified significant associations between DPYD*2A and D949V variants and toxicity, with grade 3+ 5FU-AEs identified in 22 DPYD*2A carriers (OR=11.9, 95% CI 4.0-32.7, p<0.0001) and 22 D949V carriers (OR=5.5, 95% CI 2.5-12.1, p< 0.0001). No interaction effect was found between DPYD*2Aand D949V on grade 3+ 5FU-AEs (p = 0.98), nor on overall grade 3+ AEs (p = 0.97). No significant association was identified between I560S and grade 3+ 5FU-AEs. Conclusions: In the largest study to date, statistically significant associations were found between DPYD*2A and D949V variants and increased incidence of grade 3+ 5FU-AEs, suggesting utility in 5-FU toxicity prediction.
Abstracts by A. Lee:
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Functional subtyping with BluePrint 80-gene profile to identify distinct triple-positive subtypes with and without trastuzumab/chemosensitivity.Meeting: 2015 Breast Cancer Symposium | Abstract No: 114Category: Systemic Therapy - HER2+
Prospective phase II study of inoperable pancreatic adenocarcinoma with neoadjuvant gemcitabine, docetaxel, and capecitabine (GTX).Meeting: 2014 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium | Abstract No: 274