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Cougar-02: A randomized phase III study of docetaxel versus active symptom control in advanced esophagogastric adenocarcinoma.
Oral Abstract Session: Cancers of the Esophagus and Stomach (eQ&A)
Abstracts that were granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy are designated with a caret symbol (^).
Background: Survival in patients who relapse after first-line chemotherapy for advanced esophagogastric adenocarcinoma (OGC) is poor though recently randomized trials have suggested a small survival benefit for second-line chemotherapy with taxanes or irinotecan. There is very little data on quality of life or survival, particularly in patients who progress shortly after first-line therapy. Methods: COUGAR-02 was a multicenter open-label, randomized controlled phase III trial for patients with locally advanced or metastatic OGC of performance status (PS) 0-2 who had progressed within 6 months of previous platinum/fluoropyrimidine (PF) chemotherapy (CT). Patients were randomized (1:1) to receive either docetaxel 75mg/m2every 3 weeks for up to 6 cycles or active symptom control (ASC), which could include any treatment thought by the treating clinician to be appropriate for the management of symptoms including radiotherapy, steroids and supportive medications. The primary endpoint was overall survival. Secondary endpoints were response rate, toxicity, health related quality of life (HRQL) and healthcare resource use. Results: Between April 2008 and April 2012, 168 patients were recruited (84 patients in each arm). Median age was 65 years (range 28-84), 81% were male. PS at randomisation was 0 for 27%, 1 for 57% and 2 for 15%. Site of disease was stomach in 46%, esophagogastric junction in 34% and esophagus in 20%. 86% had metastatic disease. 43% progressed during previous CT, 28% progressed within 3 months of end of previous CT and 29% progressed between 3 and 6 months. 19 (23%) patients completed 6 CT cycles (median 3 cycles per patient). The main reasons for not completing treatment were progression and toxicity. Docetaxel significantly improved overall survival over ASC alone (median 5.2 months (95% CI 4.1-5.9 months) for docetaxel; 3.6 months (95% CI 3.3-4.4 months) for ASC, HR=0.67 (95% CI 0.49-0.92); p=0.01). 7% had a partial response and 46% had stable disease after CT. 21% on docetaxel had grade 4 toxicity. Conclusions: The addition of docetaxel to ASC significantly improved overall survival. Docetaxel can be considered a standard of care in this setting. Clinical trial information: 13366390.
Abstracts by Hugo Ford:
Cougar-02: A randomized phase III study of docetaxel versus active symptom control in patients with relapsed esophago-gastric adenocarcinoma.Meeting: 2013 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: 4023
Neoadjuvant capecitabine and oxaliplatin (CAPOX) followed by chemoradiation (CRT) in high-risk rectal cancer: A single-institution experience.Meeting: 2012 ASCO Annual Meeting | Abstract No: e14100