A program to increase use of chemoprevention for women with high-risk breast lesions.

Risk Assessment, Prevention, Detection, and Screening
Session Type and Session Title: 
General Poster Session A
Abstract Number: 


J Clin Oncol 30, 2012 (suppl 27; abstr 46)
Constance A. Roche, Kevin S. Hughes

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Abstract Disclosures


Background: Tamoxifen, raloxifene, and exemestane have been demonstrated to reduce risk of breast cancer in high-risk women, bututilization is very low.Among the reasons cited are lack of awareness and reluctance of physicians to prescribe. Women with high-risk breast lesions are generally candidates for chemoprevention and can be evaluated and counseled in a high-risk breast clinic. Knowledge about drugs that can prevent breast cancer may increase uptake among high-risk women. Methods: In a single practice, women with a diagnosis of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), atypical lobular hyperplasia (ALH), lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS), or severe atypical ductal hyperplasia/borderline ductal carcinoma in situ are offered an extended visit with a nurse practitioner in the Breast and Ovarian Cancer Risk and Prevention Clinic. The visit includes data collection, patient interview about relevant history and personal preferences, risk assessment, including use of relevant models (via HughesRiskApps.com), and recommendations for surveillance and prevention. Emphasis is placed on understanding of individual risk as well as risks and benefits and appropriateness of chemoprevention and surveillance modalities. Based on personal and family history, women are advised if chemoprevention is appropriate to consider, their choice is made, and they are encouraged to have surveillance in the Breast Clinic. Results: Since January 2001, 487 women with a diagnosis of ADH, ALH or LCIS, or severe ADH have been evaluated and counseled in the Breast and Ovarian Cancer Risk and Prevention Clinic. 132/487 (27%) were advised against taking chemoprevention and 355/487 (73%) were appropriate for chemoprevention. Of those for whom chemoprevention was clinically appropriate, 188/355 (53%) took one of the medications, or participated in a chemoprevention trial. 53/188 (28%) did not complete therapy (discontinued at 2 weeks to 54 months) due to preference or side effects. 75 women have completed five years of therapy and 60 are currently on therapy. Conclusions: When provided with personalized information about breast cancer risk and the pros and cons of chemoprevention, many women will choose to take medication to reduce breast cancer risk.