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BRCA mutations and outcome in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC): Experience in ethnically diverse groups.
Session Type and Session Title:
General Poster Session, Gynecologic Cancer
J Clin Oncol 30, 2012 (suppl; abstr 5078)
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Background: EOC patients with BRCA mutations have been reported to have better prognosis than non-hereditary (NH) matched cases, an advantage shown especially in the Ashkenazi-Jewish (AJ) population. We have analyzed our experience in our ethnically diverse patient cohort from NYC, Israel and Italy. Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with Stage IC-IV EOC between 1995-2008 at the NYU Cancer Institute, Tel Aviv Sourasky MC and Padova Clinical Cancer Centers. Out of >700 patients, 183 were tested for BRCA mutations and evaluated. Results: Median age was 55.5 (range 31–83 years). Out of 183, 86 are carriers of BRCA1/2 mutations and 97 tested negative, 67 and 19 are carriers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation respectively. Carrier frequency in EOC population is 46% (45/97) in AJ's and 48% (41/86) in non-AJ's. AJ patients had the following BRCA1 mutations: 185delAG (29), 5382insC (5), unknown (UK) (2) and BRCA2 mutations: 6174delT (8), UK (1). Non-AJ's were divided by ethnicities into non-AJ, Caucasian, African-American, Hispanic, Middle Eastern or unknown. Non-AJ Jewish patients had BRCA1 mutations in 185delAG (7) and BRCA2 in 6174delT (1), UK (1). Non-Jewish Caucasians exhibited the widest variation of mutation types, with the following BRCA1 sites: 185delAG, K1702X (5223A>T), E1373X, 3829delT, 185delAT, IVS11+1G>A, 5385insC, 5083del19>stop1670, 1720delAF>stop536, 1806C/T>Igu536Ter, del ex1a-2, cod1486ex14:4575delAstop1504, 5563G7A;Trp1815stop, 5181delGTT(Val1688del) and UK and the following BRCA2 sites: 6174delT (2), 5301insA (1), 802delAT (1), cod2960ex22:9106C/t (1), cod68ex3:432delAstop79 (1), 7408A/T;Arg2394stop (1). One African-American patient with BRCA1 at 1294del40, 1 Hispanic BRCA1 at 185delAG. OS was significantly prolonged for BRCA carriers at 93.6 months versus 63.2 months [95% CI: 44.5-91.7] (p=0.0016) for NH. Conclusions: Our data reports a wide variety of BRCA mutations in an ethnically diverse EOC population and confirms that BRCA mutations carriers have a better prognosis with a longer median survival compared to NH population. A larger cohort might manifest prognostic differences between the different types of mutations.
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